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Different types of a sailing ships

Sailing ship is now used to refer to any large wind-powered vessel. In technical terms, a ship was a sailing vessel with a specific rig of at least three masts, square rigged on all of them, making the sailing adjective redundant.

There are many different types of sailing ship, but they all have certain basic things in common. Every sailing ship has a hull, rigging and at least one mast to hold up the sails that use the wind to power the ship. The crew who sail a ship are called sailors or hands. They take turns to take the watch, the active managers of the ship and her performance for a period.

A barque, barc, or bark is a type of sailing vessel with three or more masts.

The tall ship Elissa is a three-masted barque. She is currently moored in Galveston, Texas, and is one of the oldest ships sailing today.The Elissa was built in Aberdeen, Scotland  as a merchant  vessel in a time when steamships were overtaking sailing ships. She was originally launched on October 27, 1877.

The Elissa was rescued from destruction by ship preservationists who found her languishing in a salvage yard in Piraeus, Greece. She was purchased for $40,000, in 1975, by the Galveston Historical Foundation, her current owners.

The Elissa made her first voyage as a restored sailing ship in 1985, traveling to Corpus Christi, Texas. A year later, she sailed to New York City to take part in the Statue of Liberty’s centennial celebrations.

A full rigged ship or fully rigged ship is a sailing vessel with three or more masts, all of them square rigged. A full rigged ship is said to have a ship rig.

Christian Radich is a Norwegian full rigged ship, named after a Norwegian shipowner. The vessel was built at Framnæs shipyard in Sandefjord, Norway, and was delivered on 17 June 1937. The owner was The Christian Radich Sail Training Foundation established by a grant from an officer of that name.

The crew is 18 all together. It can accommodate 88 passengers. The Christian Radich is well known through the international release in 1958 of the Cinemiracle widescreen movie Windjammer. The Christian Radich sailed to the United States in 1976 as part of the Bicentennial Celebration, and partook in the Operation Sail parade in New York Harbor on July 4, 1976.

She won on corrected time in Class A and overall the tall ship in total in 2007, and became the only class A vessel that crossed the finish line.

USS Constitution is a wooden-hulled, three-masted heavy frigate of the United States Navy. Named by President George Washington after the Constitution of the United States of America, she is the oldest commissioned naval vessel afloat in the world. Launched in 1797, Constitution was one of the six original frigates authorized for construction by the Naval Act of 1794. Joshua Humphreys designed these frigates to be the young Navy’s capital ships, and so Constitution and her sisters were larger and more heavily armed and built than the standard frigates of the period. Built in Boston, Massachusetts at Edmund Hartt’s shipyard, her first duties with the newly formed United States Navy were to provide protection for American merchant shipping during the Quasi War with France and to defeat the Barbary pirates in the First Barbary War.

Constitution is most famous for her actions during the War of 1812 against Great Britain, when she captured numerous merchant ships and defeated five British warships: HMS Guerriere, Java, Pictou, Cyane and Levant. The battle with Guerriere earned her the nickname of “Old Ironsides” and public adoration that has repeatedly saved her from scrapping.

The history of the sailing ship ARC Gloria begins in 1966, when the Colombian Government, by means of Decree Number 111, authorized the National Navy, with Vice Admiral Orlando Lemaitre Torres as its commander, to acquire a Sailing-Vessel-type three-masted Barque, for the purpose of using it as the Training Ship of the Colombian Navy.

It is said that at that time, in many meetings at work or in social events with the military leadership, the favorite topic of Admiral Lemaitre was always the need for a Training Ship. His enthusiasm and clear ideas encouraged General Gabriel Rebaiz Pizarro, the Colombian Defense Minister at the time, to support the project by taking a napkin and writing on it, “worth one sailboat,” and signing it.

After this strange “pact,” a formal contract was signed with the Spanish Naval Construction Company of Bilbao on 6 October 1966, and began to be fulfilled in April 1967.

On 7 September 1968, with the vessel moored at the wharf of Deusto Channel, official acts for the official ceremony of the National Ensign were carried out on the ship.

Longships were naval vessels made and used by the Vikings from Scandinavia and Iceland for trade, commerce, exploration, and warfare during the Viking Age. The longship’s design evolved over many years, beginning in the Stone Age with the invention of the umiak and continuing up to the 9th century with the Nydam and Kvalsund ships. The longship appeared in its complete form between the 9th and 13th centuries. The character and appearance of these ships have been reflected in Scandinavian boat-building traditions until today. The average speed of Viking ships varied from ship to ship but lay in the range of 5–10 knots  and the maximal speed of a longship under favorable conditions was around 15 knots.

HMS Victory is a first rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, started in 1759 and launched in 1765, most famous as Lord Nelson’s flagship  at the Battle of Trafalgar. She is the oldest naval ship still in commission, and now sits in dry dock in Portsmouth, England  as a museum ship.

In June 2009 Defence Equipment & Support, DE&S requested Expressions of Interest from industry for the future support arrangements for HMS Victory. DE&S is aiming to award a single 9-year project management contract in time for planned works to commence in April 2010 through to April 2019. The sum total value of the contract award is stated to be worth between £15 million and £30 million depending on the best bidding offer, and which will be spread over the life of the contract. The contract will be funded from the UK defence budget.

Catamaran Vessel with two parallel hulls, usually identical or mirror images, linked by beams and deck or ‘trampoline’, with a central mast or hull mounted in rarer circumstances.A catamaran  is a type of multihulled boat or ship consisting of two hulls, or vakas, joined by some structure, the most basic being a frame, formed of akas. Catamarans can be sail- or engine-powered.

HSV-X1 Joint Venture was the name of a high speed catamaran passenger/car ferry previously operated by the military of the United States of America. Initially operated by the United States Navy, she was later transferred to the United States Army. This ship has served a deployment in Operation Enduring Freedom, spending time around the Horn of Africa. At the end of its service the ship was returned to its builders for further civilian use.

Built by Incat  of Tasmania, Australia, she was a commercial ferry for TT-Line as the Devil Cat before being converted for military purpose. A flight deck was added to accommodate various helicopters in the US Navy arsenal.

Joint Venture was rapidly re-configurable and could perform a variety of missions, principal among them the ability to ferry up to 325 combat personnel and 400 tons of cargo up to 3,000 miles (4,800 km) one way at speeds in excess of 40 knots (74 km/h)


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